If these walls could talk- there are many buildings that have been around since before the paid Fire Department of the City of New York was organized that are still being used today. Then, there are some, no longer firehouses but still hold it's history inside the 4 walls. 1 building in particular at 155 Mercer Street, still shows signs of what it once was, 'Fireman's Hall'.
Present day 155 Mercer Street is a clothing store with bright lights, but if you look beyond that, on the front facade, you can still see 'Fireman's Hall' carved into the building, spelling out it's rich history. January 6th, 1854, construction contracts were signed to build a new Fireman's Hall to replace the old building. A box was placed into the cornerstone containing the history of the New York Fire Department since 1816, a history of the old Fireman's Hall, a bible, a copy of the US Constitution & a score of other documents including copies of the local newspaper.
The ground floor would house New York Hose Company 5 & Ladder Company 6 of the Volunteer Department. Each company is to have 15x90ft, which will be divided in 3 rooms. The front room for the apparatus, the centre room for their meetings & the room in the rear for sitting & reading.
The 2nd floor would contain a large meeting room, 38x71ft for meetings of the representatives, engineers & foremen, & the Exempt Firemen's Association. The 3rd floor held an identical sized room used as a library & reading room & smaller rooms for the librarian & committees.
The front of the building is to be Connecticut brownstone, cut in the best manner. The style of arcitecture is Italian, or composition of Greek & Roman details applied by the Italians to modern buildings.
The Bronx fire that killed one person and injured two others was deemed arson, FDNY officials announced Sunday.
The blaze broke out Saturday around 1:30 p.m., on the second floor of the five-story building at 2216 Adams Place in Tremont.
Firefighters rushed to the scene and removed three people from the same apartment, including a 50-year-old man who suffered burns throughout his body. The victim was pronounced dead at St. Barnabas Hospital.
A man and a woman, both 50, were also transported to St. Barnabas, where one was listed in critical condition and the other suffered serious, but non-life threatening injuries, an FDNY spokeswoman said.
The FDNY announced on Twitter Sunday that the fire was “incendiary.” The NYPD is investigating who started the fire, and why.
A Bronx Battalion Chief has dedicated his career to helping other firefighters become better at their job.
Battalion Chief Danny Sheridan of the 3rd battalion out of Hunts Point has been with the FDNY for 32 years.
He says after Sept. 11 he provided supplies and equipment to firefighters in less developed countries in South America as a way to give back.
His efforts also led him to Ecuador where he educated firefighters about FDNY best practices.
“They (other firefighters abroad) were literally running around in shorts and flip-flops with bandanas around their faces. They were just shooting water everywhere, there were hoses everywhere. So I thought to myself, there has got to be a better way," Sheridan says.
Fallen FDNY hero Christopher Raguso — killed in a helicopter crash in Iraq during a stint with the Air National Guard — often sought refuge from the haunting memories of his service aboard his boat.
Now, the family he left behind can try to do the same.
Fresh off a major overhaul — provided free of charge by a fellow volunteer firefighter — Raguso’s Edgewater 185 power boat was presented back to Raguso’s wife, two young daughters, and brother Sunday afternoon on Long Island.
He’s seen a lot of death and destruction, and he had that thousand-yard stare a lot,” John Raguso told The Post of his late son.
“The smile on his face was ear-to-ear as he took his wife and his two little girls out there and went water-skiing and clamming and catching sea robins, and just exploring. That’s what he loved to do,” he said.
The Blizzard of 1888
The great blizzard of 1888, which began March 12th, 1888, created a condition which made it almost impossible for the department to respond to fire alarms & resulted in such an incongruous situation as a 3rd alarm fire raging through 2 5 story buildings on West 42nd Street with only 3 pieces of apparatus on the scene.
21 inches of snow fell in under 24 hours with wind gusts up to 60 miles per hour.
During the 1st 5 days of practically impassable streets, there were 45 fires. The situation was such as to call for extra-ordinary efforts on the part of the Uniformed Force under Chief of Department Charles O Shay, who promptly took all possible precautions. Leaves of absence were suspended, a large number of horses & sleighs of all kinds were obtained & a special corps of telegraph linemen was put at work restoring the fire alarm system.
A testimonial of the New York Board of Fire Underwriters commended the "heroic efforts of the firemen -- in so successfully coping with almost insurmountable difficulties during the period of peril to the City".
At 3:14pm on Saint Patrick's Day in 1899, the Signal Station at 5th Avenue & 46th Street was received & transmitted by the Manhattan Fire Alarm Office.
Firemen, some still in their dress uniforms from the parade, made heroic rescues.
Within 2 minutes, Engine 65, the 1st due company was stretching in to the 5th Avenue entrance of the Windsor Hotel, which occupied the block front from 46th to 47th Streets. 5th Avenue was filled with the holiday crowd & there does not seem to have been any long delay in pulling hte box, and yet when Engine 65 turned into the Avenue, people were already jumping from the upper floor windows.
The fire, which had started in the basement, spread with lightening like rapidity until the entire building occupied by the hotel was involved as well as buildings on the side streets. By 5pm, the building was a complete loss.
50-90 people lost their lives in this fire & rescues were made. For the skill & daring of the work which they performed, Firemen William C Clark & Edward Ford of Ladder 20, Bartholomew McDermott of Ladder 21 were decorated & the names of 28 members were added to the Roll of Merit.
STATEN ISLAND, N.Y. -- A Staten Island man who allegedly jumped from a moving ambulance is suing the city for allowing the incident to take place.
Yaugeni Kralkin, 54, who admitted in court papers that he had been drinking alcohol prior to the incident, claims the responding emergency medical technicians (EMTs), acted in "an unprofessional manner," the legal claim states.
He is suing the city, the city Fire Department and the responding EMTs in Staten Island Supreme Court for unspecified damages.
According to court papers, Kralkin was allegedly found by the EMTs on June 11, at about 1:05 p.m. "sitting on the ground, uninjured, with unsteady gait" outside 106 Dawson Circle in Bulls Head.
"Police removed alcohol from (Kralkin's) bag, and escorted him to the ambulance because he was being uncooperative," the court papers say.
January 7th 1997 was a rather mild winter day, temperatures in the 40’s with wind gusts exceeding 30mph. These conditions would challenge firefighting operations in an afternoon fire.
Just after 2pm, Engine 40 responded to an EMS run at the Empire Hotel at West 64th Street & Broadway, Box 969. Up the block, a fire broke out in a high rise residential building.
2:31pm, the teleprinter in the Cavemen firehouse of Engine 40/Ladder 35 alerted members of Ladder 35 to a reported High Rise Fire, Box 9999 was used because Box 969 was out already for the EMS run. 20 West 64th Street Broadway – Central Park West. E=Multiple Dwelling: Fire 28th Floor Apt 28K AKA 1 Lincoln Plaza.
Ladder 35 hit 10-84 (arrival) at 2:34pm; members could see smoke from the 28th floor of the 44 story high rise multiple dwelling V shaped. Upon entry to the lobby, members were met by a female claiming to be the house keeper of Lionel Hampton. She said the bedroom of the apartment 28K was on fire, the apartment door was closed and handed them the keys. Lt Gormley L-35, and his men proceeded to the elevator bank that serviced the upper floors. A keyed switch was found in the lobby and that recalled the elevators. FF James O’Donnell, L-35 OVM attempted to locate the elevator with the control key but none had it. The members entered the elevator and FF O’Donnell pressed 26th floor, 2 floors below the fire floor as per procedure. When they arrived, the doors opened to a smoke filled hallway. Members of Ladder 35 located the ‘You Are Here’ sign in the hallway then located Apt 26K to have an idea of where the apartment on the fire floor would be and where the stairs were located in relation to the ‘K’ line apartments. Lt Gormley decided the ‘V’ stair was closest to 28K and would be used as the ‘Attack’ stairway. The members proceeded up the stairs to the fire floor. FF O’Donnell stayed with the elevator and attempted to return to the lobby to pick up Engine 23. The elevator wasn’t in Fireman Service, it went up instead of down. FF O’Donnell was placed in a high heat and smoke environment and had to don his SCBA. The elevator brought him to the 43rd floor.
At 2:36pm, the 9th Battalion arrived to assume command. FF O’Donnell attempted to transmit from the 43rd floor to Chief Grosso in the lobby but the only person to hear his communications was FF Ed Santore, E-40 ECC, who arrived 3rd due coming from the EMS run. FF Santore relayed to Deputy Chief Dunn of the 3rd Division, the report by FF O’Donnell that conditions on the upper floors were deteriorating.
As we move into the cold season, activity for the FDNY always picks up. This past week, companies responded to all sorts of incidents requiring hard work and special units. Let's look back at what happened in the Big Apple:
Monday October 24th:
Manhattan - 1 All Hands
Bronx - 1 All Hands
Staten Island - 2 All Hands
Wednesday October 26th, 2016 was a significantly cold day when compared to others this October.
Confined Space, Brooklyn, NY - Just before 1pm, Brooklyn CO transmitted box 3241 for the Coney Island Wastewater Treatement Plant at 2602 Knapp Street. A worker fell into a treatment tank. FDNY deployed divers into the contaminated tank and recovered the male. EMS performed CPR and transported. The male was pronounced dead at the hospital. This was a confined space water rescue requiring decontamination of members operating.
Queens House Fire - As the Brooklyn Incident was wrapping up, Box 8903 in Queens was transmitted for a house fire. The Vipers Nest Eng.302/Lad 155 arrived 1st due to 2 floors of fire in a private dwelling. FF Gerard McManus, TL-155 gained entry to the rear of 133-05 140 Street and conducted a search for fire when he discovered a male prone on the floor. FF McManus single handedly removed the victim to the awaiting EMS. The EMS members sucessfully revived the man who is last listed in stable condition at the hospital.
1800hrs, the day tour of the FDNY ends and night tour begins. With what started as a regular tour became filled with fire in the wee hours of the morning on the Upper East Side/Yorkville section of Manhattan. 5am tone alarm in the firehouse sends companies with Engine 53/Ladder 43 1st due to 324 E 93rd Street for a fire. Upon arrival, fire was found on multiple floors traveling through the walls. Early reports were fire Basement, 1st floor and visible from the bulkhead. With a fire traveling the voids in the walls, it is extremely important to open the roof to see how far the fire has advanced. While members from Ladders 26 & 43 & Rescue 1 were operating on the roof, a victim appeared at a rear window. Conventional methods of rescue were hampered by rapidly extending fire, leaving the roof members to attempt a life saving rescue using the Life Saving Rope. Conditions on the roof were poor visiblity with smoke, high heat and visible flames, but a life needed to be rescued. While the roof men & Ladder Company Chaufeur looking for a susbstantial object to secure the rope operation, FF Lee, Rescue 1, secured himself into the lowering end of the rope. As if the smoke/heat/fire wasn't enough of a challenge, it was determined no substantial object was present in this non-fireproof building The members on the roof would have to work together to secure the operation with no substantial object, putting all members in the operation as well as the member being lowered off the building at great risk. FF Lee was lowered off the rear of the building but the guide man on the roof could not keep an eye to guide the operation due to the smoke and heat, so a member was positioned in the rear relaying commands via handie talkie. When FF Lee with victim aboard reached the ground, the rope broke from exposure to the high heat. All members and the victim had a higher power following them during this operation to allow it to end like this. Unfortunately, 1 victim was located inside the fire who was pronounced dead on arrival.
3 Rescues Today
The FDNY handled additional fires including a 2 Alarm fire at a duplex apartment in the Village, Scrap yard in Queens, a garage on Oceanview Ave in Brooklyn, a junkyard in Hunts Point and another house in Queens on 110 Rd off 153 St.
Have you heard of the Tear Drop Memorial, or the Tear of Grief? This is a 10 story scuplture given to the United States as an Official Gift of the Russian Government as a memorial to the victims of 9/11 attacks and the 93 WTC Bombing. Groundbreaking on this monument was done September 16th 2005 at the Cruise Ship Terminal in Bayonne, NJ. The ground breaking was attended by Vladimir Putin and it was dedicated September 11, 2006.
It is 10 stories, 100ft made of steel coated in bronze, split with a jagged opening through the middle. Inside the opening hangs a large nickel teardrop 40ft high. Along the base is granite name plates on which are etched the names of those who died in the 2 attacks on 9/11/01 and 1993 WTC Bombing.
The view from the memorial park is one of a kind. From the south looking up towards Manhattan, You can watch the Statue of Liberty, WTC, Memorial Lights & Empire State Building, all in 1 shot.
The location of the monument is not easy to get to, it is at the end of the cruise terminal with nothing else around. If there is no ship at port, you'll feel as if you don't belong there. But, in my opinion, it is definately worth the trip!
You have heard many stories about the heroic acts on 9/11, but did you hear about the mysterious man in the red bandana? Welles Crowther was working as an American Equities trader on 9/11/01 at the World Trade Center. Truth be told, the 24 year old wasn't looking forward to a desk job for the rest of his life. He had further dreams, and plenty of time to fulfill them. When he turned 16, Welles joined the Volunteer Fire Service, joining the footsteps of his father at Nyack Empire Hook & Ladder company.
At the age of 6, Welles' father gave him a red bandana which stayed with him through the years. It became his signature trademark, a link between father and son. While playing lacrosse at Boston College, Welles wore his bandana under his helmet. In 1999, he graduated with honors degree in economics, which led to his career at the World Trade Center; his office was on the 104th floor of the South Tower. At 9:03am on September 11th, 2001, United flight 175 struck the South Tower between floors 78 & 85. Welles called his mother at 9:12am and left a calm message assuring his family he was OK. He fought the smoke and flames down to the 78th floor sky lobby, where he found survivors. Crowther left his trading career in his office and his firefighting bloodlines took over. He was ready to do his job, the calling that was sent for him at a young age. In an authoritive voice, he directed ambulatory patients to the A stairway which he previously descended from his office. He used his red bandana to cover his nose and mouth, and was carrying a woman down 15 flights. Welles job wasn't done, knowing the danger his life was in, he put it aside and went back up to rescue more.
In May, the New York Times published accounts of 9/11 which Welles' parents were reading. 1 account stood out. Judy Wein, a survivor from the South Tower noted a mysterious man in a red bandana coming to the aide of numerous people. His parents knew immediately, they found what their son was doing before he died.
December 15th, 2006, Commissioner Scoppetta and Chief Cassano posthumously named Welles Crowther Honorary Firefighter with the FDNY. Following Welles' death, his family found a partially filled out application to take the test for the FDNY. Knowing it would be a huge pay cut, Welles' still planned to follow his dream.
Everyone deals with depression in their own way. As the anniversary of 9/11 quickly approaches, I would like to share my story of dealing with PTSD, and I manage it every anniversary.
I only worked at the site for a day on 9/12/01, and what I saw will stay with me forever. I can remember 9/11/02 was a restless day and very depressing. On 9/11/03, I decided not to sit around and cry, so I drove into Brooklyn. I found a park in Brooklyn Heights that had a great view of Lower Manhattan. There were a lot of other New Yorkers there, candles were lit and we just watched our City and the skyline that will never be the same. I had a camera with me, in the early 2000's, digital cameras were up and coming. So I took a few pictures. Little did I know, this was me dealing with my PTSD. I was still depressed but I managed to find something to occupy my night and kind of keep me occupied. 9/11/04, I ended up doing the same thing and to this day, I plan accordingly. Since I became an FDNY Firefighter, I got creative. I spent a lot of money on a good camera. During the day I spend the anniversary with my firehouse family as we remember everyone who was lost from the firehouse that day. At night, I do the same thing I did on 9/11/03. 9/11/13, I reached out to a friend on the Fire Boat and they took me out around Manhattan. 9/11/14 & 9/11/15, I went to New Jersey.
While I have plenty of pictures, I will continue the tradition. What took place on that day was nothing but the best of the FDNY and the Country's Fire Service. Members in different capacities gave it their all. Some were working, some weren't. Some were retired, working at the WTC as Fire Safety Directors, others were on injury at Headquarters and still responded. Retired members from home who didn't have to come out, did. An actor/former FDNY Firefighter turned the cameras off and went to his former firehouse to help. On 9/11/01, I responded as a volunteer from Long Island, I met a lot of other members from departments in NY, NJ and across the country.
Below are pictures I have taken. There are 3 pictures that I took from 2003 at the park. We lost members right after 9/11 to PTSD suicide. I wish I could turn back the clock and tell them, there is another way, but I understand their pain.... we all do. If anyone struggles, the FDNY CTU is there for you. Don't deal with it alone, because your not.
God bless America
15 years ago, on September 11th, 2001, the United States of America took a terrorist hit from radical extremists. This event was felt worldwide; and as a Country- we saw the best and the worst humanity has to offer. Through tragedy, the good hearts stood out and shined brightly. From 1st responders to volunteers, whether it was every day civilians to medical professionals, we all rose to the occation. Funds were set up, musicians and celebrities put on a concert to raise money (The Concert for America). It was a time when we united to recover and respond. Through the dust and rubble rose the stars and stripes, a symbol that we will not back down.
15 years later, we are still recovering. There are many out there that do not realize, hearts are still sore. Our brothers/sisters/mothers/fathers are still dying, many others suffering and fighting cancer and other various illnesses. A dose of reality, that you *hopefully* will never feel, is when you go to the Cancer Center and see friends/co-workers there. That is what is happening today! More than 150 NYC Firefighters have lost their lives to post-9/11 illness. Many are actively fighting. Some recieved their date of death from the doctors but are still here because they refuse to give up.
In a sense, the nightmare that was 9/11/01 is still happening. I feel the need to write this because, perhaps Facebook has changed something in their marketing scheme, or there really are sneaky people out there that see money in tragedy. Over the past few weeks, I have seen advertising posts from pages I have not 'liked' on Facebook, advertising a 9/11 15th Anniversary t-shirt. An Anniversary t-shirt is a great idea, to keep the memory alive, provided the motive behind the shirt is respectable ie: Proceeds to a foundation so that they may reach those who lived the tragedy and are fighting to live. Unfortunately, we know many people who have questioned some of these fly-by-night pages on facebook and our questions go unanswered/deleted, our accounts are banned from the page. This is called Damage Control by those running the page, deleting the negativity. They avoid the spotlight and continue doing what their doing.
We are asking you, if you really are enthusiastic about seeing an awesome looking t-shirt commemorating one of our worst attacks on our home soil, please do your research. Don't open your wallet so quickly. Inquire where the money is going. DO NOT accept a vague reply. Get specifics. The page 'Support Firefighters' has a 9/11 anniversary t-shirt.... but it is a design that is already out there. Go to www.fdnyshop.com and you will find the original design. www.fdnyshop.com is an official page of the FDNY Foundation, a legit foundation that is there helping FDNY firefighters, and the facebook page 'Support Firefighters' took the design and changed minor details and are marketing it on-line.
Facebook will not shut their page down, it is up to us to look into it. Please share this article, spread the word.
Sunday August 27th 2006, at 1230hrs, Bronx CO received a telephone alarm reporting a store fire at 1575 Walton Ave. Box 2797 was transmitted. Eng.42 transmitted the 10-75 at 1233hrs, heavy smoke venting from the front of a 99¢ Store, a 1 story class 3(non-fireproof) commercial 45x65. The store suffered severe damage 6 years ago (7/17/00) when it had a 3rd Alarm fire. Since then, it underwent extensive alteration that was not consistent with the architectural plans filed.
The fire originated on the 1st floor rear and quickly extended to the ceiling. Combustible stock ignited the Masonite ceiling which was nailed directly to the bottom of the roof joists. Due to the fire load, a 2nd alarm was quickly transmitted.
21 minutes after the arrival of FDNY units, the failure of a cellar column caused a V-Shaped collapse. This collapse took place without warning. A 3rd alarm was transmitted. 10 members fell into the collapse area. 4 members from Engine 92 were immediately removed by FAST. 6 remaining members were trapped in the collapse. TL-44 Can firefighter was extricated aprox 4 minutes. E-75 B/U Firefighter was extricated aproximately 43 minutes in. TL-44 Officer was extricated approximately 56 minutes. Battalion 17 Chief was extricated approximately 1 hour. Lt Howard Carpluk, E-75 Officer was extricated approximately 1 hour 21 minutes. FF Michael C Reilly, E-75 was extricated approximately 1 hour 41 minutes.
FF Michael C Reilly succumbed to his injuries that day. He was appointed to the FDNY on April 11th, 2006, only on the job for a few months.
Lt Howard J Carpluk Jr succumbed to his injuries 1 day later, August 28th, 2006. He was appointed to the FDNY August 2nd 1986, promoted to Lieutenant March 6th 1999 assigned to Engine 42. He was working PCOT in Engine 75 for this fire.
December 2015, Engine 329 in Rockaway Beach, Queens took delivery of their new 2nd piece, an All Terrain Response Vehicle (ATRV). This 2015 Ford F-550 pick-up truck was fitted with aftermarket compartments and added hose bed. The apparatus does not have pumping capabilities, it is basically a large manifold that will be supplied by an Engine Company.
It has 4-wheel drive capabilities along with a central tire inflation system allowing the operator to inflate/deflate the tires on the move without leaving the cab. It also has a winch that can be operated from front and rear of the vehicle.
E329 2nd Piece
Engine 329 ATRV
30 lengths 3" supply hose.
In memory of FF Joseph Graffagnino, L-5 detailed to E-24 (Posthumously promoted to Lieutenant) and FF Robert Beddia, E-24.
On September 11th, 2001, the Deutsche Bank located at 130 Liberty Street, suffered severe damage from the collapse of the World Trade Center and never reopened for business purpose. August 31st, 2004, Lower Manhattan Development Corp assumed ownership and Asbestos abatement and deconstruction was to take place at different locations within the building. No demolition permit for 130 Liberty was filed or issued, however, a series of alteration permits were filed and issued by NYCDOB.
On Saturday August 18th, 2007, at 1536hrs, a Telephone Alarm reporting a fire on the scaffolding at 88 Greenwich Street, Box 0047 was transmitted. Initially 2 Engines, 2 Trucks and the Battalion were assigned, but due to subsequent numerous calls, Manhattan Dispatch filled out the assignment to 4 Engines, 2 Trucks, Rescue, Squad, Battalion & HazMat 1 (E-10, E-4, E-6, E-7, L-10, TL-15, Bn-1, Rescue 1, Squad 18). 10 Truck officer transmitted the 10-75 for heavy smoke from the upper floors of the Deutsche Bank with the corrected address of 130 Liberty Street. At 1541hrs, 10 Truck upgraded the box to a 2nd Alarm for fire through the skin of the high rise. At 1547hrs, Battalion 1 transmitted the 10-76(HiRise Commercial fire). Size up was 26 story hi-rise office building182x182 occupying 1 city block and as previously mentioned, undergoing asbestos abatement & demolition. The building was built in 1974, 38 stories tall prior to demolition. All interior elevators were out of service & exterior construction elevators were used to gain access to upper floors. The standpipe was reported by construction workers to be a 'dry system', however when fed from the street, water did not reach the fire floor. It was found that a section was missing in the sub level A.
The 1st hoseline had to be stretched up the exterior of the building. It took 67 minutes from the initial transmission of alarm until a charged hoseline was in position on the 15th floor manned by Engine 24. The delay in water allowed the fire to extend from the 17th floor to the top 26th floor, also downward to the 16th, 15th, 14th, 12th & 5th floors.
FF Graffagnino was found unconscious on the 14th floor at 1701hrs. He was removed to Downtown Beekman Hospital where he succumbed to his injuries. FF Beddia was found unconscious on the 14th floor at 1710hrs. He was also removed to Downtown Beekman Hospital where he succumbed to his injuries.
August 2nd, 1978, 12 firefighters plunged into a burning Waldbaum's Supermarket when the bowstring truss roof collapsed at the center of the store. 6 firefighters died. Shortly before the collapse, a crackling sound was heard. Some of the 20 firefighters on the roof at the time were able to run to the roof's edge.
The bowstring truss, concealed by a rain roof, failed as a result of the unchecked fire gaining headway.
The fire was reported at 8:30am, escalated to a 5th alarm as a result of the rescue and recovery effort. Built in 1952, the supermarket was undergoing extensive renovations and was open for business. At the time, they were welding in the ceiling. The roof collapsed 32 minutes after initial units arrived. 6 firefighters were killed, 34 injured.
Failure of 1 truss element can cause failure of the entire truss and a resulting collapse of the entire structure. The danger of truss construction whether a bowstring truss, wooden truss with gusset plates or metal parallel chord truss pose a danger to firefighters.
Of the 6 members killed August 2nd, 1978 at the Waldbaum's Fire in Brooklyn, FF William O'Connor was the youngest. 29 years of age, he had only 7 1/2 months on the job. O'Connor was reporting for duty that morning, his wife and 3 children drove him to work. As they arrived, the bells were ringing in the firehouse. He ran into the firehouse, thew his gear on and jumped in. His wife followed behind to watch their hero husband/father in action. Unfortunately, they were watching as he was thrown into the collapse. 6 of New York City's bravest were killed, 34 others injured.